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Marine plastic problem
In recent years, the plastic waste problem has been gaining attention.
Every year, 50,000 planes of plastic flow out into the ocean, and it is estimated that 150 million tons of plastic are accumulated in the world's oceans.
Many of you may remember the report released by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation in 2016 that "plastic waste spilled into the ocean exceeds the total weight of 800 million tonnes of fish."
In the UK, it announced that it would "tax the business of producing and importing plastic packaging materials with 30% or less recycled components" (effective April 2022), and in the EU, 2021 in line with the recovery package from pandemics. Since January 1, 2014, a levy has been levied on non-recycled plastic packaging.
In this trend, alternative materials are also appearing. For example, most plant-derived plastics use edible parts such as corn, and biodegradable plastics do not decompose as easily as you can imagine under severe decomposition conditions such as temperature.
Plastics have a number of benefits, such as long shelf life of food, support for hygiene in the medical field, and reduced transportation energy due to their light weight. What is the optimal solution to the circulation structure that creates a new problem when one problem is solved? We need to find our wisdom to overcome the boundaries.
Let's use RuleWatcher to find hints together.
In December 2019, the Dutch Supreme Court issued a groundbreaking ruling. This is a lawsuit on climate change, with plaintiffs being environmental groups and citizens and defendants being the Dutch government. Plaintiffs complained that the government lowered its CO2 reduction target from 25% to 20%, and after fighting to the Supreme Court, the judiciary accepted the plaintiff's allegations and ordered the government to return to the 25% reduction target. It was.
A notable point of this trial is the link between controlling CO2 emissions and the European Convention on Human Rights. In this way, Europe, where citizens take the initiative in seeking decarbonization, is gradually getting in line with the world.
The Kan administration's carbon neutral declaration and President Biden's Green Deal policy. China, which is the centerpiece of the effects of the world's climate, has clearly set a goal of decarbonization and is introducing renewable energy at a tremendous pace.
While attention is being focused on new technologies such as hydrogen energy and CCUS, concerns about the next environmental impact of these technologies have also been pointed out.
There is little time left until 2030, which is said to be the turning point of climate change. Let's explore what we can do with RuleWatcher to prevent the unsustainable future predicted by the frequent weather disasters of recent years from becoming a reality.
Depletion of freshwater resources
Water is indispensable for our life support. Since water itself circulates on the earth, it will not disappear, but fresh water is rapidly decreasing. One of the reasons is agriculture, which supports a population of 7 billion. Large-scale irrigated agriculture that draws groundwater is carried out all over the world, and the crops are exported to other countries due to the recent globalization of food.
Groundwater is gradually accumulated over tens of thousands of years, but the amount of groundwater is reduced by pumping with a large pump at a speed that is many times or tens of times faster than that of recharge. This phenomenon is accelerating due to deforestation and reduced snowfall due to climate change, and some people are already forced to leave their land because they cannot farm.
Groundwater is not the only problem. There are 263 cross-border rivers called "international rivers" in the world, and it is said that 40% of the world's population lives in that basin. If a dam is built upstream, the amount of water will decrease. Pollution threatens the health of the lower reaches. The risk of conflict over these key international rivers is rapidly increasing.
Problems with water, our common property. RuleWatcher is always on the lookout .
How to make the world sustainable. One of the answers is the circular economy. For the 250 years since the Industrial Revolution, we have collected, processed, used and disposed of resources. It is said that breaking out of the current linear economy is the cornerstone of the SDGs.
There is a need for an overall design that does not generate waste or pollution, rather than "recycling" or "3Rs". Relying on renewable energy, minimizing the use of harmful substances, the product will continue to be used while being repaired. For that purpose, it is necessary to secure an acquisition route for recycled materials, a tracking system for materials and parts, and product specifications that may be disassembled.
An era in which conventional wisdom becomes insane. It's a risk, but it's also a huge business opportunity. Please take advantage of the trends of the global circular economy delivered by RuleWatcher for both work and personal life.
Amid widening global income disparities and social unrest caused by the corona disaster, the theory of introducing basic income is rapidly increasing in various places. Basic income refers to a system in which each citizen is evenly paid a fixed amount of cash, which is the minimum necessary for living.
Social experiments have already been conducted in Finland, Kenya, India, Germany, etc., and under the Conté administration, Italy introduced basic income in 2019, although it is a partial system. You may remember that Democratic candidate Andrew Yang was appealing for the introduction of basic income in the 2020 US presidential election.
According to the OECD, income inequality in OECD countries is at its highest level in the last half-century, with the average income of the wealthiest 10% of the population reaching about nine times the average income of the poorest 10%. Studies using the latest mathematical models show that further widening of these disparities will lead to the collapse of society as a whole.
It has been pointed out that the problem of securing financial resources and that uniform payment means distribution to the wealthy, which is contrary to social justice, but how can we solve this major problem? The wisdom of many people is being questioned. Why not check the latest information with RuleWatcher ?
“ESG investment” is attracting attention.
Investing in an organization that has management policies and strategies for a sustainable society and addresses the challenges of Environment, Social and Governance-this is ESG investment.
It is also known that investment in companies that are more conscious of social responsibility has stable results even during the financial crisis and recession, and the amount of investment is growing rapidly even in the Corona disaster.
Looking at the history of ESG investment, we can see the beginning of the UK pension law revised in 2000. It was requested to disclose the investment policy, saying that the pension funds collected from the people should be environmentally and socially friendly. After that, the London Principles announced in 2002 introduced the seven principles of investment for sustainability, which will become a concrete action guideline for ESG investment.
ESG investment has become globalized when the United Nations declared the Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI) for Social Responsibility in 2006. In order to realize such responsible investment on the investor side, it is also necessary to disclose information on the side receiving the investment. During the 2008 financial crisis, it was noted that companies with weak governance would hurt shareholder interests, calling for a clearer accounting standard.
In 2013, the International Integrated Report Council recommended the submission of an "integrated report" that also discloses non-financial information such as social contributions and environmental measures. Furthermore, since the Paris Agreement (Climate Change Framework Convention), the climate Increasing attention to change risk has led to a need for transparency in climate change-related risk management.
The Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD), formed in 2017 by the Financial Stability Board (FSB), provides a way to visualize the financial impact of climate change risks and opportunities in the EU, UK, Information disclosure mechanisms in Canada, France, China, the United States, Japan, etc. are gradually converging.
In recent years, with a rapid trend, all ESG investment indicators of environment, society, and governance have begun to seek ways for international standardization.
RuleWatcher Enterprise provides information on disclosures that are important for ESG investment engagement measures.
It is important that your privacy is protected.
On the other hand, many people have witnessed that the protection of personal information is not prioritized for public welfare such as public health. Even in "smart cities" that are being promoted around the world, personal information is scheduled to be used for various services on a data linkage platform in order to realize an optimized society. In the United States and other countries, solutions that use facial recognition data to prevent crime are attracting attention.
Happy society and privacy.
In the age of big data, how much should we allow the sharing of personal information that we should have at hand? And how should organizations that handle personal information capture regulatory trends in this area of extreme delicacy and rapid technological innovation?
Following the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), Asian countries are also updating their personal information protection laws. Discussions have begun on the federal-wide adoption of the "Biological Information Privacy Act," which is in force in some states of the United States.
RuleWatcher Enterprise also emphasizes this area, which will become more important in the future, and strives to visualize the legal process in the world.